Oral cancer causes, several sings and symptoms in your mouth and throat. If you see the statistics of the last year, you’ll find about 49, 000 people have been diagnosed with oral cancer. And according to the America Cancer Society, more than 9, 000 people died of the disease in the same year as well. It’s more common in men in twice then women. The best prevention could be avoiding using tobacco and drinking alcohol in excessive quantity. But, one in four gets diagnosed with oral cancer has no significant risk factors. It’s very important to see your dentist regularly that your mouth needs screenings.
Knowing Oral Cancer Causes
What is next with this content?
- 1st: Where does oral cancer start?
- 2nd: What are the Symptoms of oral cancer?
- 3rd: What are causes of oral cancer?
- 4th: What are the Risk factors for oral cancer?
- 5th: Can you prevent oral cancer?
- 6th: When to see a doctor?
Where does oral cancer start?
Usually, oral cancer occurs in the working parts of your mouth inside or oral cavity, which comprise the following:
- Roof of your mouth
- Tissue, which lines cheeks and lips
- Area of the mouth beneath the tongue called the floor
- Front two-thirds of the tongue (the back third of the tongue, or base, is considered part of the throat or oropharynx)
If you have any of the above issues, then you should worry about sore, bump or swelling in your mouth. So, what to look for that are here about oral cancer causes and treatment.
What are the Symptoms of oral cancer?
You know oral cancer causes on the inside your mouth, which sometimes calls as the mouth cancer and oral cavity. It’s one of the several types of cancer that calls in a group in category name head and neck cancers. As a result, oral cancer and other cancers associated with head and neck treat similarly. But, the signs and symptoms of oral cancer may include as follow:
- A sore throat
- Loose teeth
- Pain in your tongue
- A sore that’s bleeding
- Badly fitting dentures
- Painful or difficult chewing
- Difficult or painful swallowing
- A sore that’s not healing for a long time
- Stiffness of your jaw with or without pain
- There is a growth, thickening or lump of the skin or lining of your mouth
What are Oral Cancer Causes ?
Oral cancer causes- if your lips cells or mouth develop mutations (changes) in their DNA. Besides, these changes allow cancer cells to continue growing and dividing when healthy cells die. The increasing abnormal mouth cancer cells can make a tumor. They may spread inside the mouth over the time. It spreads to other areas of the head as well as neck or other parts of the body. Oral Cancer usually starts in the flat and thin cells that line your lips along with the inside of your mouth. The most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. But, it’s still not clear what exactly oral cancer causes are or the mutations in squamous cells that lead to cancer. The doctors have identified some risk factors that seem to be the responsible for the mouth cancer and considering main factors and oral cancer causes.
What are Risk Factors & Oral Cancer Causes?
Risk factors are the factors that can increase the risk of oral cancer. Here are some of them below:
- Use of tobacco, such as cigarettes, pipes, cigars, snuff and chewing tobacco are main causes of oral cancer.
- Heavy alcohol use is another big oral cancer causes.
- Exposing your lips in sun excessively is considering one .
- Virus that’s sexually transmitted calls human papillomavirus (HPV).
- People with a weakened immune system.
Oral Health and Oral Cancer Causes
A patch of trouble
Your flat cells that cover the mouth surfaces along with tongue and lips call squamous cells. Most of the oral cancers start in these cells, which show patches on your gum, tongue, tonsils etc. these are the signals of trouble that you’re going to face soon. If you find a white or red patch inside your mouth or on your lips, it may be a possible one kind of sign of oral cancer causes. You’ll find a wide range in how oral cancer may look and feel. Sometimes, your skin may feel either nodular or thick or they may persistent erosion or ulcer. So, the important thing to notice is what the persistent nature of these abnormalities. But, if they are noncancerous lesions, then they tend to resolve in a few weeks.
Mixed white and red patches
There find a mixture of white and red patches inside of your mouth that known as erythroleukoplakia. That’s an abnormal cell growth that’s more likely to become cancerous. If your white and red patches stay more then two weeks, then you must see your dentist. You can see the abnormality of your mouth before you feel them. Oral cancer may cause no pain in the early stages.
Erythroplakia is a bright red patch in your mouth, which look and feel velvety. They are mostly precancerous and 75 to 90 percent of cases are cancerous. So, you can’t ignore and bright color spots in the mouth. If you have this problem in your mouth, your dentist will take a biopsy of these cells.
If you have a white or grayish patch inside your mouth, it calls leukoplakia, or keratosis. These patches produce from the irritant, such as a rough tooth, tobacco, or broken denture that cause cell overgrowth. Moreover, if you have chewing habit inside your lips or cheek, it leads to leukoplakia. The cause these patches to develop may include exposure to carcinogenic substances. You have to consider these patches as the signal that your tissue is abnormal and can malignant soon. It’s the beginning and considering another factor of oral cancer causes. The patches may be hard and rough as well as difficult to then scrape off. Leukoplakia needs over a period of weeks or months to develop slowly.
Sores on your tongue
Oral cancer may find anywhere in your mouth, but it mostly occurs in the mouth’s floor along with under the tongue. You may also find it either behind of your gums or back of your teeth. So, you must check your mouth once a month carefully so that you can find if there is anything abnormal. You can use a magnifying error so you can get a clear view of the bright light. If you put your tongue out gently with a clean finger, you can inspect your underneath. You can examine your lips inside and out while looking at the sides of the tongue along with the insides of your cheeks.
Canker sores that Painful, but not dangerous
You can know here how to identify a canker sore if there is something more serious. A canker sore not only burns your mouth but it tingles before of visible as well. Oral cancer rarely causes any pain in the early stages, because abnormal cell growth usually appears as flat patches. The canker sore seems as an ulcer, which is usually a depression in the center. Its middle may appear gray, white or yellow but the edges are red in color. If the canker sore is painful, they are not malignant. That means they are not cancerous where painless ones are not only cancerous but dangerous as well. Moreover, the canker sores heal normally within two weeks. So, if there is any sore, spot or lump in your mouth, you must evaluate it with a professional.
Oral Caner Causes and Prevention?
Unfortunately, still, there is no proven preventing way of your mouth cancer. But, you can decrease its risk while keeping up some factors that lower the chance of oral cancer causes. So, if you want to keep oral cancer in a bay, then you have to follow the below factors.
Stop using tobacco or don’t start: Tobacoo is the main reason of oral cancer causes. If you’re a tobacco user, simply stop it. And if you don’t use tobacco, you must not start. When you use tobacco, whether smoking or chewing, you keeping your mouth cells into dangerous cancer-causing chemicals.
Reduce drinking alcohol or leave completely: Another big issue and one of the big oral cancer causes is alcohol drinking. If you’re an alcohol drinker, reduce drinking or leave it entirely. Because irritate the cells in your mouth, making them vulnerable to mouth cancer, if you drink alcohol excessively. So, if you choose to drink alcohol, you must make a limit to one drink a day as women and two as men.
Eat a various type of fruits and vegetables: You have to choose a diet that rich in various fruits and vegetables. There are vitamins and antioxidants in fruits that vegetables can help you to reduce the risk of your oral cancer.
Avoid excessive sun exposure to lips: You have to protect your skin on the lips from the sun by staying in the shade when possible. You can wear a broad-brimmed hat, which effectively shades your entire face, such as the mouth. Besides, you can apply a sunscreen lip product as part of your routine sun protection regimen.
See your dentist regularly: It’s a part of your routine dental exam. You can ask your dentist to inspect your entire mouth if there is any abnormality that may indicate oral cancer. You have to do it regularly.
When to see a doctor?
You have to make an appointment with a doctor or dentist if you find any of persistent signs and symptoms that are bothering you. And that’s lasting more than two weeks. Your doctor will investigate if there are signs and symptoms of oral cancer, including an infection.